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Acne is where pores in the skin become blocked. Often, this is due to a substance called sebum which is produced by glands in the hair follicles. Sebum normally helps keep the skin moisturised and water-proof. But too much sebum can cause acne. When pores get blocked they may become inflamed or infected, creating red bumps in the skin. Whilst getting spots is normal, acne involves a lot of spots on the face, back and sometimes the chest. The types of spots include black and whiteheads, pustules and even cysts. Acne is triggered by hormonal changes at puberty or the menstrual cycle but also during pregnancy. At best acne is embarrassing, especially when you are young, but it can also cause scarring.
Erectile dysfunction is a common condition. It occurs more frequently with age, affecting up to 50% of men aged between 40-70, and up to 70% of men over the age of 70. In the UK there are several treatment options available to treat erectile dysfunction. These treatments have been found to be effective in up to 80% of men, and are considered safe and cost-effective.
Hair follicles on the head convert the hormone, testosterone, into a different form of testosterone called dihydrotestosterone (DHT). It’s believed that the gene for male pattern baldness causes the follicles to become sensitive to DHT and start to shrink. Eventually, the follicle stops working and no hairs will grow from it.
Malaria is a life-threatening disease that is caused by parasites carried by Anopheles mosquitoes. The disease is curable and preventable however it can cause severe illness. It is a good idea to take antimalarial medication when travelling to any country where there is a risk of malaria.
A migraine is normally a moderate to severe headache that causes a throbbing sensation, mostly on one side of the head. Unlike headaches, migraines are often followed by nausea, vomiting, and high sensitivity to light and sound.